Skip to main content
eScholarship
Open Access Publications from the University of California

UC San Diego

UC San Diego Previously Published Works bannerUC San Diego

Platelet inhibitory effects of the Phase 3 anticancer and normal tissue cytoprotective agent, RRx-001.

  • Author(s): Oronsky, Bryan
  • Oronsky, Neil
  • Cabrales, Pedro
  • et al.
Abstract

The platelet inhibitory effects of the Phase 3 anticancer agent and nitric oxide (NO) donor, RRx-001, (1-bromoacetyl-3,3-dinitroazetidine) were examined ex vivo and compared with the diazeniumdiolate NO donor, diethylenetriamine NONOate (DETA-NONOate), which spontaneously releases nitric oxide in aqueous solution. In the absence of red blood cells and in a dose-dependent manner, DETA-NONOate strongly inhibited platelet aggregation induced by several stimuli (ADP, epinephrine and collagen) whereas RRx-001 only slightly inhibited platelet aggregation under the same conditions in a dose-dependent manner; these antiaggregant effects were blocked when both DETA-NONOate and RRx-001 were co-incubated with carboxy-PTIO (CPTIO 0.01-100 micromol), a widely accepted NO scavenger. However, in the presence of red blood cells from healthy human donors, RRx-001, which binds covalently to haemoglobin (Hb) and catalyses the production of NO from endogenous nitrite, more strongly inhibited the aggregation of platelets than DETA-NONOate in a dose-dependent manner likely because haemoglobin avidly scavenges nitric oxide and reduces its half-life; the RRx-001-mediated platelet inhibitory effect was increased in the presence of nitrite. The results of this study suggest that RRx-001-bound Hb (within RBCs) plays an important role in the bioconversion of NO2- to NO. , which makes RRx-001 a more physiologically relevant inhibitor of platelet aggregation than other nitric oxide donors, whose effects are attenuated in the presence of red blood cells. Therefore, RRx-001-mediated platelet inhibition is a potentially useful therapeutic property, especially in hypercoagulable cancer patients that are at an increased risk of thrombotic complications.

Many UC-authored scholarly publications are freely available on this site because of the UC's open access policies. Let us know how this access is important for you.

Main Content
Current View