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Narrative Review of Complications Following DDH Treatment.
Published Web Locationhttps://doi.org/10.1007/s43465-021-00550-y
BackgroundThe purpose of this narrative review was to survey the literature for common complications following treatment of DDH in children less than 4 years old.
MethodsThe Pubmed database was queried. Search result titles were reviewed to identify papers that were pertinent to the topic. Abstracts for these papers were obtained and read, and a subset of these were selected for review of the complete manuscript.
Results92 manuscripts were reviewed. Residual dysplasia, redislocation, and osteonecrosis are the primary complications of treatment in this age group. In the long term, hips without complications related to DDH treatment tend to do well, although a significant percentage of them will inevitably require joint replacement surgery.
ConclusionAlthough there is excellent potential for a good outcome when DDH is diagnosed and treated under age 4 years, osteonecrosis continues to be a concern with all treatment methods. A subset of patients from this young cohort will continue to have residual dysplasia or recurrent dislocation requiring return to the operating room.
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