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Error-correcting Bacon-Shor code with continuous measurement of noncommuting operators


We analyze the continuous operation of the nine-qubit error-correcting Bacon-Shor code with all noncommuting gauge operators measured at the same time. The error syndromes are continuously monitored using cross correlations of sets of three measurement signals. We calculate the logical error rates due to X, Y, and Z errors in the physical qubits and compare the continuous implementation with the discrete operation of the code. We find that both modes of operation exhibit similar performances when the measurement strength from continuous measurements is sufficiently strong. We also estimate the value of the crossover error rate of the physical qubits, below which continuous error correction gives smaller logical error rates. Continuous operation has the advantage of passive monitoring of errors and avoids the need for additional circuits involving ancilla qubits.

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