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Spatial Patterns From High-Resolution Electrogastrography Correlate With Severity of Symptoms in Patients With Functional Dyspepsia and Gastroparesis
Published Web Locationhttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.cgh.2019.04.039
Background & aimsInvasive gastric electrical mapping has revealed spatial abnormalities of the slow wave in subjects with gastroparesis and functional gastrointestinal disorders. Cutaneous high-resolution electrogastrography (HR-EGG) is a non-invasive method that can detect spatial features of the gastric slow wave. We performed HR-EGG in subjects with active foregut symptoms to evaluate associations between gastric myoelectric abnormalities, symptoms (based on a validated questionnaire), and gastric emptying.
MethodsWe performed a case-control study of 32 subjects, including 7 healthy individuals (controls), 7 subjects with functional dyspepsia and normal gastric emptying, and 18 subjects with gastroparesis, from a tertiary care program. All subjects were assessed by computed tomography imaging of the abdomen and HR-EGG and completed the PAGI-SYM questionnaire on foregut symptoms, which includes the gastroparesis cardinal symptom index. We performed volume reconstruction of the torso and stomach from computed tomography images to guide accurate placement of the HR-EGG array.
ResultsSpatial slow-wave abnormalities were detected in 44% of subjects with foregut symptoms. Moreover, subjects with a higher percentage of slow waves with aberrant propagation direction had a higher total gastroparesis cardinal symptom index score (r = 0.56; P < .001) and more severe abdominal pain (r = 0.46; P = .009). We found no correlation between symptoms and traditional EGG parameters.
ConclusionsIn case-control study, we found that the genesis of symptoms of functional dyspepsia and gastroparesis is likely multifactorial, including possible contribution from gastric myoelectric dysfunction. Abnormal spatial parameters, detected by cutaneous HR-EGG, correlated with severity of upper gastrointestinal symptoms, regardless of gastric emptying. This noninvasive, repeatable approach might be used to identify patients for whom gastric myoelectric dysfunction contributes to functional dyspepsia and gastroparesis.
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