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Cloning of a surface membrane glycoprotein specific for the infective form of Trypanosoma cruzi having adhesive properties to laminin.

  • Author(s): Giordano, R;
  • Fouts, DL;
  • Tewari, D;
  • Colli, W;
  • Manning, JE;
  • Alves, MJ
  • et al.

Trypomastigotes of Trypanosoma cruzi express a set of surface glycoproteins known, collectively, as Tc-85. A monoclonal antibody to these proteins, named H1A10, inhibits (50-90%) in vitro parasite interiorization into host cells, thus implicating these glycoproteins in the infection process. Two DNA inserts, a genomic DNA fragment and a full-length cDNA encoding the H1A10 epitope, have now been cloned and characterized. Results show that both have high sequence identity with all reported members of the gp85/trans-sialidase gene family, although the H1A10 epitope exists only in the Tc-85 subset of the family. The epitope has been mapped by competition of antibody binding to a Tc-85 recombinant protein with peptides having sequences predicted by the Tc-85 DNA sequence, which contains also putative N-glycosylation sites and COOH-terminal glycosylphosphatidylinositol anchor insertion sites, as expected, since an N-glycan chain and a glycosylphosphatidylinositol anchor have been characterized previously in the Tc-85 subset. The protein encoded by the full-length cDNA insert binds to cells and in vitro to laminin, but not to gelatin or fibronectin, in a saturable manner. For the first time it was possible to assign a defined ligand to a sequenced glycoprotein belonging to the gp85 family. This fact, together with the reported binding of family members to cell surfaces, reinforces the hypothesis that this family encodes glycoproteins with similar sequences but differing enough as to bind to different ligands and thus forming a family of adhesion glycoproteins enabling the parasite to overcome the barriers interposed by cell membranes, extracellular matrices, and basal laminae.

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