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Dopamine D2 receptors potentiate arachidonate release via activation of cytosolic, arachidonate-specific phospholipase A2.

  • Author(s): Vial, D;
  • Piomelli, D
  • et al.

Several G(i)-linked neurotransmitter receptors, including dopamine D2 receptors, act synergistically with Ca(2+)-mobilizing stimuli to potentiate release of arachidonic acid (AA) from membrane phospholipids. In brain, AA and its metabolites are thought to act as intracellular second messengers, suggesting that receptor-dependent potentiation of AA release may participate in neuronal transmembrane signaling. To study the molecular mechanisms underlying this modulatory response, we have now used Chinese hamster ovary cells transfected with rat D2-receptor cDNA, CHO(D2). Two antisense oligodeoxynucleotides corresponding to distinct cDNA sequences of cytosolic, AA-specific phospholipase A2 (cPLA2) were synthesized and added to cultures of CHO(D2) cells. Incubation with antisense oligodeoxynucleotides inhibited D2 receptor-dependent release of AA but had no effect on D2-receptor binding or D2 inhibition of cyclic AMP accumulation. In addition, pharmacological experiments showed that D2 receptor-dependent AA release was prevented by nonselective phospholipase inhibitors (such as mepacrine) but not by inhibitors of membrane-bound, non-AA-specific PLA2 (such as p-bromophenacyl bromide). cPLA2 is expressed in brain tissue. The results, showing that cPLA2 participates in receptor-dependent potentiation of AA release in CHO(D2) cells, suggest that this phospholipase may serve a similar signaling function in brain.

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