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Glucagon regulates the stability of REV-ERBα to modulate hepatic glucose production in a model of lung cancer–associated cachexia


Lung adenocarcinoma is associated with cachexia, which manifests as an inflammatory response that causes wasting of adipose tissue and skeletal muscle. We previously reported that lung tumor-bearing (TB) mice exhibit alterations in inflammatory and hormonal signaling that deregulate circadian pathways governing glucose and lipid metabolism in the liver. Here, we define the molecular mechanism of how de novo glucose production in the liver is enhanced in a model of lung adenocarcinoma. We found that elevation of serum glucagon levels stimulates cyclic adenosine monophosphate production and activates hepatic protein kinase A (PKA) signaling in TB mice. In turn, we found that PKA targets and destabilizes the circadian protein REV-ERBα, a negative transcriptional regulator of gluconeogenic genes, resulting in heightened de novo glucose production. Together, we identified that glucagon-activated PKA signaling regulates REV-ERBα stability to control hepatic glucose production in a model of lung cancer-associated cachexia.

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