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Kv1.3 channel-blocking immunomodulatory peptides from parasitic worms: Implications for autoimmune diseases

  • Author(s): Chhabra, S
  • Chang, SC
  • Nguyen, HM
  • Huq, R
  • Tanner, MR
  • Londono, LM
  • Estrada, R
  • Dhawan, V
  • Chauhan, S
  • Upadhyay, SK
  • Gindin, M
  • Hotez, PJ
  • Valenzuela, JG
  • Mohanty, B
  • Swarbrick, JD
  • Wulff, H
  • Iadonato, SP
  • Gutman, GA
  • Beeton, C
  • Pennington, MW
  • Norton, RS
  • Chandy, KG
  • et al.
Abstract

© FASEB. The voltage-gated potassium (Kv) 1.3 channel is widely regarded as a therapeutic target for immunomodulation in autoimmune diseases. ShK-186, a selective inhibitor of Kv1.3 channels, ameliorates autoimmune diseases in rodent models, and human phase 1 trials of this agent in healthy volunteers have been completed. In this study, we identified and characterized a large family of Stichodactyla helianthus toxin (ShK)-related peptides in parasitic worms. Based on phylogenetic analysis, 2 worm peptides were selected for study: AcK1, a 51-residue peptide expressed in the anterior secretory glands of the dog-infecting hookworm Ancylostoma caninum and the human-infecting hookworm Ancylostoma ceylanicum, and BmK1, the C-terminal domain of a metalloprotease from the filarial worm Brugia malayi. These peptides in solution adopt helical structures closely resembling that of ShK. At doses in the nanomolar-micromolar range, they block native Kv1.3 in human T cells and cloned Kv1.3 stably expressed in L929 mouse fibroblasts. They preferentially suppress the proliferation of rat CCR7-effector memory T cells without affecting naive and central memory subsets and inhibit the delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) response caused by skin-homing effector memory T cells in rats. Further, they suppress IFNγ production by human T lymphocytes. ShK-related peptides in parasitic worms may contribute to the potential beneficial effects of probiotic parasitic worm therapy in human autoimmune diseases. - Chhabra, S., Chang, S. C., Nguyen, H. M., Huq, R., Tanner, M. R., Londono, L. M., Estrada, R., Dhawan, V., Chauhan, S., Upadhyay, S. K., Gindin, M., Hotez, P. J., Valenzuela, J. G., Mohanty, B., Swarbrick, J. D., Wulff, H., Iadonato, S. P., Gutman, G. A., Beeton, C., Pennington, M. W., Norton, R. S., Chandy, K. G. Kv1.3 channelblocking immunomodulatory peptides from parasitic worms: implications for autoimmune diseases.

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