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GW domains of the Listeria monocytogenes invasion protein InlB are required for potentiation of Met activation


The Listeria monocytogenes protein InlB promotes intracellular invasion by activating the receptor tyrosine kinase Met. Earlier studies have indicated that the LRR fragment of InlB is sufficient for Met activation, but we show that this is not the case unless the LRR fragment is artificially dimerized through a disulphide bond. In contrast, activation of Met proceeds through monomers of intact InlB and, at physiologically relevant concentrations, requires coordinated action in cis of both InlB N-terminal LRR region and C-terminal GW domains. The GW domains are shown to be crucial for potentiating Met activation and inducing intracellular invasion, with these effects depending on association between GW domains and glycosaminoglycans. Glycosaminoglycans do not alter the monomeric state of InlB, and are likely to enhance Met activation through a receptor-mediated mode, as opposed to the ligand-mediated mode observed for the LRR fragment. Surprisingly, we find that gC1q-R, a host protein implicated in InlB-mediated invasion, specifically antagonizes rather than enhances InlB signalling, and that interaction between InlB and gC1q-R is unnecessary for bacterial invasion. Lastly, we demonstrate that HGF, the endogenous ligand of Met, substitutes for InlB in promoting intracellular invasion, suggesting that no special properties are required of InlB in invasion besides its hormone-like mimicry of HGF.

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