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Sensitive and rapid quantitation of oxygen reactive species formation in rat synaptosomes


The formation of oxygen reactive species in response to oxidative stimuli was measured in rat synaptosomes. Studies employed the non-fluorescent probe 2?,7?-dichlorofluorescin diacetate (DCFH-DA), which after de-esterification is oxidized in the presence of oxygen reactive species to the highly fluorescent 2?,7?-dichlorofluorescein (DCF). Oxygen reactive species formation, as measured by DCF fluorescence, was stimulated by ascorbate and/or FeSO(4), and xanthine/xanthine oxidase under various buffering conditions. These agents all increased DCF formation in Tris, HEPES and phosphate buffer. Ascorbate also stimulated the formation of DCF in a concentration-dependent manner. The presence of Ca(2+) in HEPES buffer did not enhance or diminish the effects of ascorbate/FeSO(4) on DCF formation. Deferoxamine inhibited the ascorbate/FeSO(4)-induced stimulation of DCF formation, but xanthine/xanthine oxidase-induced stimulation was not affected by pretreatment with superoxide dismutase. Results indicate that DCF fluorescence is a sensitive, quantitative and direct measure of oxygen reactive species formation in synaptosomes, providing a rapid method for investigating early neuronal events that occur during oxidative stress.

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