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Associations of body mass index and weight loss with mortality in transplant-waitlisted maintenance hemodialysis patients.

  • Author(s): Molnar, MZ;
  • Streja, E;
  • Kovesdy, CP;
  • Bunnapradist, S;
  • Sampaio, MS;
  • Jing, J;
  • Krishnan, M;
  • Nissenson, AR;
  • Danovitch, GM;
  • Kalantar-Zadeh, K
  • et al.
Abstract

A body mass index (BMI) below morbid obesity range is often a requirement for kidney transplant wait-listing, but data linking BMI changes to mortality during the waitlist period are lacking. By linking the 6-year (7/2001-6/2007) national databases of a large dialysis organization and the Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients, we identified 14 632 waitlisted hemodialysis patients without kidney transplantation. Time-dependent survival models examined the mortality predictability of 13-week-averaged BMI, pretransplant serum creatinine as a muscle mass surrogate and their changes over time. The patients were on average 52 ± 13 years old, 40% women and had a BMI of 26.9 ± 6.3 kg/m². Each kg/m² increase of BMI was associated with a death hazard ratio (HR) of 0.96 (95%CI: 0.95-0.97). Compared to the lowest creatinine quintile, the 4th and 5th quintiles had death HRs of 0.75 (0.66-0.86) and 0.57 (0.49-0.66), respectively. Compared to minimal (< ± 1 kg) weight change over 6 months, those with 3 kg- < 5 kg and ≥ 5 kg weight loss had death HRs of 1.31 (1.14-1.52) and 1.51 (1.30-1.75), respectively. Similar associations were observed with creatinine changes over time. Transplant-waitlisted hemodialysis patients with lower BMI or muscle mass and/or unintentional weight or muscle loss have higher mortality in this observational study. Impact of intentional weight change remains unclear.

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