Continuous data assimilation for the three-dimensional Navier-Stokes-$α$
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Continuous data assimilation for the three-dimensional Navier-Stokes-$α$

  • Author(s): Albanez, Débora AF
  • Lopes, Helena J Nussenzveig
  • Titi, Edriss S
  • et al.

Motivated by the presence of a finite number of determining parameters (degrees of freedom) such as modes, nodes and local spatial averages for dissipative dynamical systems, we present a continuous data assimilation algorithm for the three-dimensional Navier-Stokes-$\alpha$ model. This algorithm consists of introducing a nudging process through general type of approximation interpolation operator (that is constructed from observational measurements) that synchronizes the large spatial scales of the approximate solutions with those of the unknown solutions the Navier-Stokes-$\alpha$ equations that corresponds to these measurements. Our main result provides conditions on the finite-dimensional spatial resolution of the collected data, sufficient to guarantee that the approximating solution, that is obtained from these collected data, converges to the unkown reference solution (physical reality) over time. These conditions are given in terms of some physical parameters, such as kinematic viscosity, the size of the domain and the forcing term.

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