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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Two workload properties for Brownian networks

  • Author(s): Bramson, M
  • Williams, R J
  • et al.

As one approach to dynamic scheduling problems for open stochastic processing networks, J.M. Harrison has proposed the use of formal heavy traffic approximations known as Brownian networks. A key step in this approach is a reduction in dimension of a Brownian network, due to Harrison and Van Mieghem [21], in which the "queue length" process is replaced by a "workload" process. In this paper, we establish two properties of these workload processes. Firstly, we derive a formula for the dimension of such processes. For a given Brownian network, this dimension is unique. However, there are infinitely many possible choices for the workload process. Harrison [16] has proposed a "canonical" choice, which reduces the possibilities to a finite number. Our second result provides sufficient conditions for this canonical choice to be valid and for it to yield a non-negative workload process. The assumptions and proofs for our results involve only first-order model parameters.

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