Skip to main content
Open Access Publications from the University of California

UC San Diego

UC San Diego Previously Published Works bannerUC San Diego

Evaluation of a short, interactive diabetes self-management program by pharmacists for type 2 diabetes



Numerous barriers prevent patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) from completing a diabetes self-management program. We investigated whether patients with T2D exhibited improved clinical outcomes after attending a relatively short, interactive diabetes self-management program conducted by pharmacist diabetes educators, compared to a physician's usual care.


We retrospectively analyzed the data of adults with T2D who attended a diabetes self-management program (≥ 1 group meeting or individual appointment followed by a telephone interview from a pharmacist diabetes educator between May 2010 and Dec. 2012; n = 513) and compared their outcomes with those of T2D patients who received only their physician's usual care (n = 857). Each patient's A1C was assessed at baseline, 3 months, and 6 months post-intervention. The mean [SD] reduction in A1C percentage points in the T2D patients was significantly greater in the diabetes self-management program group compared to the physician's usual care group at both 3 months (- 0.8% [1.5] vs. - 0.2% [0.9], p < 0.001) and 6 months post-intervention (- 0.6% [1.3] vs. - 0.2% [1.1], p < 0.001). T2D patients significantly improved their glycemic control within 3-6 months of attending the diabetes self-management program compared to patients who only received their physician's usual care.

Many UC-authored scholarly publications are freely available on this site because of the UC's open access policies. Let us know how this access is important for you.

Main Content
For improved accessibility of PDF content, download the file to your device.
Current View