Skip to main content
Open Access Publications from the University of California

UC Irvine

UC Irvine Previously Published Works bannerUC Irvine

Factors Determining the Superior Performance of Lipid/DNA/Protammine Nanoparticles over Lipoplexes

Published Web Location Commons 'BY' version 4.0 license

The utility of using a protammine/DNA complex coated with a lipid envelope made of cationic 1,2-dioleoyl-3-trimethylammonium propane (DOTAP) for transfecting CHO (Chinese hamster ovary cells), HEK293 (human embryonic kidney cells), NIH 3T3 (mouse embryonal cells), and A17 (murine cancer cells) cells was examined. The widely used DOTAP/DNA lipoplex was employed as a reference. In all the tested cell lines lipid/protamine/DNA (LPD) nanoparticles were more efficient in transfecting cells than lipoplexes even though the lipid composition of the lipid envelope was the same in both devices. Physical-chemical properties were found to control the ability of nanocarriers to release DNA upon interaction with cellular membranes. LPD complexes easily release their DNA payload, while lipoplexes remain largely intact and accumulate at the cell nucleus. Collectively, these data explain why LPD nanoparticles often exhibit superior performances compared to lipoplexes in trasfecting cells and represent a promising class of nanocarriers for gene delivery.

Many UC-authored scholarly publications are freely available on this site because of the UC's open access policies. Let us know how this access is important for you.

Main Content
For improved accessibility of PDF content, download the file to your device.
Current View