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Analysis of the kinetics of phospholipid activation of cobra venom phospholipase A2.

  • Author(s): Hendrickson, HS
  • Dennis, EA
  • et al.
Abstract

A kinetic analysis of the "dual phospholipid model" for cobra venom phospholipase A2 (Hendrickson, H. S., and Dennis, E. A. (1984) J. Biol. Chem. 259, 5734-5739) was applied to the activation of phospholipase A2-catalyzed hydrolysis of a thiol ester analog of phosphatidylethanolamine (thio - PE) in Triton X - 100/phospholipid mixed micelles by various phosphorylcholine-containing activators. Activation of thio-PE hydrolysis by didecanoylphosphatidylcholine (PC) was found to be a function of the surface concentration of activator rather than bulk concentration. Its presence did not affect the initial binding of enzyme to phospholipid in the micelle surface as determined kinetically. After initial binding of enzyme to the surface, the activation appears to be due to enzyme-lipid binding in the surface. Activation does not appear to affect the affinity of the enzyme for phospholipid substrate, but rather affects the catalytic efficiency of the enzyme as characterized by the value of Vmax. The monomeric phospholipid dibutyryl-PC, when used as an activator at 57 mM (bulk concentration), also showed effects of surface dilution with Triton X-100, which would not be expected unless the lipid is incorporated into the micelles to some extent at these high concentrations. A thiol ester analog of phosphatidylcholine, thio-PC, was less effective than didecanoyl-PC as an activator, but appeared to be more effective than decylphosphorylcholine. A conformational change of the enzyme upon binding of the activator, after enzyme is bound to substrate at the interface, is discussed as a possible mechanism for this activation.

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