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Exposure of mice to tobacco smoke attenuates the toxic effect of methamphetamine on dopamine systems.


Methamphetamine treatment of mice rapidly and severely depleted levels of dopamine and its metabolites, homovanillic acid (HVA) and dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC) in the caudate nucleus. Exposure of mice to cigarette smoke by means of nose-only breathing apparatus for 20 min twice daily over 3 days prior to drug treatment significantly attenuated the neurotoxicity of methamphetamine as judged by a lesser depletion of dopamine, DOPAC and HVA. The lesser effect of methamphetamine upon content of serotonin level was unaltered by prior inhalation of smoke. Results suggest a specific protective effect of inhaled tobacco smoke upon the effects of methamphetamine upon dopaminergic circuitry.

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