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Repeated quantum error correction on a continuously encoded qubit by real-time feedback.

  • Author(s): Cramer, J
  • Kalb, N
  • Rol, MA
  • Hensen, B
  • Blok, MS
  • Markham, M
  • Twitchen, DJ
  • Hanson, R
  • Taminiau, TH
  • et al.
Abstract

Reliable quantum information processing in the face of errors is a major fundamental and technological challenge. Quantum error correction protects quantum states by encoding a logical quantum bit (qubit) in multiple physical qubits. To be compatible with universal fault-tolerant computations, it is essential that states remain encoded at all times and that errors are actively corrected. Here we demonstrate such active error correction on a continuously protected logical qubit using a diamond quantum processor. We encode the logical qubit in three long-lived nuclear spins, repeatedly detect phase errors by non-destructive measurements, and apply corrections by real-time feedback. The actively error-corrected qubit is robust against errors and encoded quantum superposition states are preserved beyond the natural dephasing time of the best physical qubit in the encoding. These results establish a powerful platform to investigate error correction under different types of noise and mark an important step towards fault-tolerant quantum information processing.

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