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Stopping sets of algebraic geometry codes


Stopping sets and stopping set distribution of a linear code play an important role in the performance analysis of iterative decoding for this linear code. Let C be an [n,k] linear code over F{double-struck}q with parity-check matrix H, where the rows of H may be dependent. Let [n] = {1,2,⋯,n} denote the set of column indices of H. A stopping set S of C with parity-check matrix H is a subset of [n] such that the restriction of H to S does not contain a row of weight 1. The stopping set distribution {T i(H)}ni=0 enumerates the number of stopping sets with size i of C with parity-check matrix H. Denote H*, the parity-check matrix, consisting of all the nonzero codewords in the dual code C⊥. In this paper, we study stopping sets and stopping set distributions of some residue algebraic geometry (AG) codes with parity-check matrix H*. First, we give two descriptions of stopping sets of residue AG codes. For the simplest AG codes, i.e., the generalized Reed-Solomon codes, it is easy to determine all the stopping sets. Then, we consider the AG codes from elliptic curves. We use the group structure of rational points of elliptic curves to present a complete characterization of stopping sets. Then, the stopping sets, the stopping set distribution, and the stopping distance of the AG code from an elliptic curve are reduced to the search, counting, and decision versions of the subset sum problem in the group of rational points of the elliptic curve, respectively. Finally, for some special cases, we determine the stopping set distributions of the AG codes from elliptic curves. © 2014 IEEE.

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