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A reduced model for edge localized mode control by supersonic molecular beam injection and pellet injection

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We develop a diffusive, bistable, tri-unstable cellular automata (CA) model to study the dynamics of H-mode pedestal with edge localized modes (ELMs) and their control by supersonic molecular beam injection (SMBI) and pellet injection (PI). It is shown that the new CA model can reproduce the key features of H-mode pedestals with various types of ELM, including Type-I ELM. SMBI and PI are modeled as additional grain injections into pedestal with varying degrees of injected materials and profiles. It is found that H-mode pedestal responds to SMBI differently depending on the baseline fueling. If the baseline fueling is large enough to allow Type-I ELM, SMBI enhances large transport avalanches caused by ballooning instabilities. These avalanches prevent the total pedestal current from reaching the boundary for peeling instability. On the other hand, if the baseline fueling is low to avoid Type-I ELM, SMBI enhances small scale avalanches, which prevent the pedestal from growing to profiles globally vulnerable to ballooning instabilities. These imply that SMBI can mitigate different types of ELM by converting them to more benign types. From CA modeling of pellet injection, it is shown that Type-I ELM can be triggered by pellet injection with sufficient strength and depth. Scanning the frequency of pellet injection, it is found that a maximum efficiency of pellet pacing is achieved when the injection frequency is approximately ten times the natural frequency of Type-I ELM.

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