The MOSDEF Survey: Kinematic and Structural Evolution of Star-Forming Galaxies at $1.4\leq z\leq 3.8$
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The MOSDEF Survey: Kinematic and Structural Evolution of Star-Forming Galaxies at $1.4\leq z\leq 3.8$

  • Author(s): Price, Sedona H
  • Kriek, Mariska
  • Barro, Guillermo
  • Shapley, Alice E
  • Reddy, Naveen A
  • Freeman, William R
  • Coil, Alison L
  • Shivaei, Irene
  • Azadi, Mojegan
  • Groot, Laura de
  • Siana, Brian
  • Mobasher, Bahram
  • Sanders, Ryan L
  • Leung, Gene CK
  • Fetherolf, Tara
  • Zick, Tom O
  • Übler, Hannah
  • Schreiber, Natascha M Förster
  • et al.

We present ionized gas kinematics for 708 galaxies at $z\sim 1.4-3.8$ from the MOSFIRE Deep Evolution Field survey, measured using models which account for random galaxy-slit misalignments together with structural parameters derived from CANDELS Hubble Space Telescope (HST) imaging. Kinematics and sizes are used to derive dynamical masses. Baryonic masses are estimated from stellar masses and inferred gas masses from dust-corrected star formation rates (SFRs) and the Kennicutt-Schmidt relation. We measure resolved rotation for 108 galaxies. For the remaining 600 galaxies we use models based on HST imaging structural parameters together with integrated velocity dispersions and baryonic masses to statistically constrain the median ratio of intrinsic ordered-to-disordered motion, $V/\sigma_{V,0}$. We find $V/\sigma_{V,0}$ increases with increasing stellar mass and decreasing specific SFR (SSFR). These trends may reflect marginal disk stability, where systems with higher gas fractions have thicker disks. For galaxies with detected rotation we assess trends between their kinematics and mass, SSFR, and baryon surface density ($\Sigma_{\mathrm{bar},e}$). Intrinsic dispersion correlates most with $\Sigma_{\mathrm{bar},e}$ and velocity correlates most with mass. By comparing dynamical and baryonic masses, we find that galaxies at $z\sim 1.4-3.8$ are baryon dominated within their effective radii ($R_E$), with Mdyn/Mbaryon increasing over time. The inferred baryon fractions within $R_E$, $f_{\mathrm{bar}}$, decrease over time, even at fixed mass, size, or surface density. At fixed redshift, $f_{\mathrm{bar}}$ does not appear to vary with stellar mass, but increases with decreasing $R_E$ and increasing $\Sigma_{\mathrm{bar},e}$. For galaxies at $z\geq2$, the median inferred baryon fractions generally exceed 100%. We discuss possible explanations and future avenues to resolve this tension.

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