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Altered behavioral and metabolic circadian rhythms in mice with disrupted NAD+oscillation

  • Author(s): Sahar, S
  • Nin, V
  • Barbosa, MT
  • Chini, EN
  • Sassone-Corsi, P
  • et al.
Abstract

The Intracellular levels of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) are rhythmic and controlled by the circadian clock. However, whether NAD+oscillation in turn contributes to circadian physiology is not fully understood. To address this question we analyzed mice mutated for the NAD+ hydrolase CD38. We found that rhythmicity of NAD+was altered in the CD38-deficient mice. The high, chronic levels of NAD+results in several anomalies in circadian behavior and metabolism. CD38-null mice display a shortened period length of locomotor activity and alteration in the rest-activity rhythm. Several clock genes and, interestingly, genes involved in amino acid metabolism were deregulated in CD38-null livers. Metabolomic analysis identified alterations in the circadian levels of several amino acids, specifically tryptophan levels were reduced in the CD38-null mice at a circadian time paralleling with elevated NAD+levels. Thus, CD38 contributes to behavioral and metabolic circadian rhythms and altered NAD+levels influence the circadian clock. © Sassone-Corsi et al.

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