Gorenstein Biliaison and ACM Sheaves
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Gorenstein Biliaison and ACM Sheaves


Let $X$ be a normal arithmetically Gorenstein scheme in ${\mathbb P}^n$. We give a criterion for all codimension two ACM subschemes of $X$ to be in the same Gorenstein biliaison class on $X$, in terms of the category of ACM sheaves on $X$. These are sheaves that correspond to the graded maximal Cohen--Macaulay modules on the homogeneous coordinate ring of $X$. Using known results on MCM modules, we are able to determine the Gorenstein biliaison classes of codimension two subschemes of certain varieties, including the nonsingular quadric surface in ${\mathbb P}^3$, and the cone over it in ${\mathbb P}^4$. As an application we obtain a new proof of some theorems of Lesperance about curves in ${\mathbb P}^4$, and answer some questions be raised.

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