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Development and characterization of an IL-4-secreting human ovarian carcinoma cell line.

  • Author(s): Santin, AD
  • Ioli, GR
  • Hiserodt, JC
  • Rose, GS
  • Graf, MR
  • Tocco, LM
  • Lander, JK
  • Eck, LM
  • Burger, RA
  • DiSaia, PJ
  • et al.

Human ovarian carcinoma cell lines were genetically engineered to secrete the cytokine interleukin-4 (IL-4) by retroviral-mediated gene transduction. These cells were transduced with the LXSN retroviral vector containing the human IL-4 gene and the neomycin resistance selection marker. Numerous IL-4-secreting clones were isolated from different papillary serous carcinoma cell lines, including SKOV-3, UCI-101, and UCI-107, and one clone derived from UCI-107 extensively characterized. This clone, termed UCI 107E IL-4 GS, was shown to constitutively express high levels of IL-4 (i.e., 900 to 1300 pg/ml/10(5) cells/48 hr) for over 35 passages and 6 months of study. Like the parental cell line (UCI-107), UCI 107E IL-4 GS cells expressed MHC class I and Her-2/neu surface antigens but did not express detectable MHC class II, ICAM 1, CA 125, or IL-4 receptors. No increase in expression of surface proteins was noted between parental and UCI 107E IL-4 GS. The morphology of this clone did not differ from that of the parental or LXSN vector control cells; however, parental cells had a faster growth rates than transductants. UCI 107E IL-4 GS was sensitive to gamma irradiation since as little as 2500 rad killed most of the cells within 10 days of irradiation. However, after irradiation, IL-4 secretion continued until about Day 8. The potential use of these IL-4-secreting ovarian carcinoma cells as vaccines for woman with advanced ovarian cancer will be discussed.

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