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Recipient Related Predictors of Kidney Transplantation Outcomes in the Elderly

  • Author(s): Hatamizadeh, Parta
  • Molnar, Miklos Z
  • Streja, Elani
  • Lertdumrongluk, Paungpaga
  • Krishnan, Mahesh
  • Kovesdy, Csaba P
  • Kalantar-Zadeh, Kamyar
  • et al.
Abstract

Background

It is not clear whether in old people with end-stage renal disease kidney transplantation is superior to dialysis therapy.

Methods

We compared mortality rates between kidney transplant recipients (KTRs) and the general population across different age categories. We also examined patient and allograft survival in 15,667 elderly KTRs (65–<90 years old, 36% female) within 3 age subgroups (65–<70, 70–<75, ≥75 years).

Results

The rise in the relative risk of death in older age groups was substantially less in KTRs than in the general population, i.e., 1.8 and 2.0 vs. 21.4 and 76.6 in those 65–<75 and ≥75 years-old, respectively, compared to 15–<65 years-old people (reference group). In 65–<70 year old KTRs, obesity (BMI >30 kg/m2) was associated with 19% higher risk of graft failure (HR:1.19 [1.07–1.33], p = 0.002). Diabetes was a predictor of worse patient survival in all age groups but poorer allograft outcome in the youngest age group (65–<70 years-old) only. None of the examined risk factors affected allograft outcome in the oldest group (≥75 years-old) although there was a 49% lower trend of graft failure in very old Hispanic recipients (HR:0.51 [0.26–1.01], p = 0.05).

Conclusions

Kidney transplantation may attenuate the age-associated increase in mortality, and its superior survival gain is most prominent in the oldest recipients (≥75 years-old). The potential protective effect of kidney transplantation on longevity in the elderly deserves further investigation.

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