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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Getting Mad or Going Mad? Citizens, Scarcity and the Breakdown of Democracy in Interwar Europe

  • Author(s): Bermeo, Nancy
  • et al.

In 1920, twenty-six out of twenty-eight European states were parliamentary democracies. By 1938, thirteen of these democracies had become dictatorships. This essay is about why these regimes broke down and about the role that ordinary citizens played in the breakdown process.

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