Auto/paracrine nicotinergic peptides participate in cutaneous stress response to wounding
Published Web Locationhttps://doi.org/10.4161/derm.22594
Restoration of epidermal barrier (epithelialization), is a major component of cutaneous response to stress imposed by wounding. Learning physiologic regulation of epithelialization may lead to novel treatments of chronic wounds. The non-canonical ligands of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors SLURP (secreted mammalian Ly-6/urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor-related proteins)-1 and -2 are produced by keratinocytes (KCs) and inflammatory cells to augment physiologic responses to non-neuronal acetylcholine, suggesting that they can affect wound epithelialization and inflammation. In this study, recombinant (r)SLURP-1 and -2 exhibited dose dependent effects on migration of cultured KCs, and monoclonal antibodies inactivating auto/paracrine SLURPs in mouse skin delayed wound epithelialization. While effects of rSLURPs on migration were opposite, with rSLURP-1 inhibiting and rSLURP-2 stimulating migration of KCs, each anti-SLURP antibody produced a negative effect on epithelialization in vivo, suggesting their more extensive than regulation of keratinocyte migration involvement in wound repair. Since inflammation plays an important role in stress response to wounding, we measured inflammation biomarkers in wounds treated with anti-SLURP antibodies. Both anti-SLURP-1 and -2 antibodies, or their mixture, caused significant elevation of wound myeloperoxidase, IL-1β, IL-6 and TNFα. Taken together, results of this study demonstrated that SLURP-1 slows crawling locomotion of KCs, and exhibits a strong anti-inflammatory activity in wound tissue. In contrast, SLURP-2 facilitates lateral migration of KCs, but shows a lesser anti-inflammatory capacity. Thus, combined biologic activities of both SLURPs may be required for normal stress response to skin wounding, which favors clinical trial of rSLURP-1 and -2 in wounds that fail to heal.