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CT Volumetry and Basic Texture Analysis as Surrogate Markers in Advanced Non-small-cell Lung Cancer.

  • Author(s): Owen, Benjamin;
  • Gandara, David;
  • Kelly, Karen;
  • Moore, Elizabeth;
  • Shelton, David;
  • Knollmann, Friedrich
  • et al.
Abstract

Introduction

We evaluated volumetric tumor measurements and computed tomography texture analysis as prognostic indicators in patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer when compared with the unidimensional tumor size measurements used in Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST).

Patients and methods

In a retrospective review, computed tomography examinations in 77 patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer were evaluated before and after 2 cycles of chemotherapy. Baseline and changes in tumor diameter, volume, and texture were analyzed. Survival was analyzed with Cox regression analysis and Kaplan-Meier survival statistics.

Results

Cox regression analysis demonstrated that only change in tumor volume (exp(B) = 1.006; P = .02) and the initial sum of the largest target lesion diameters predicted survival (exp(B) = 1.013; P = .02). Kaplan-Meier statistics demonstrated that patients with an initial sum of the largest target lesion diameters less than 88 mm had median survival time of 587 days (95% confidence interval [CI], 269-905 days), compared with the survival of those with larger tumor burden of 407 days (95% CI, 235-579 days). Patients in whom tumor volume decreased by more than 29% had a median survival time of 622 days (95% CI, 448-796 days), compared with 305 days for those with less decrease (95% CI, 34-240 days).

Conclusion

This study demonstrates that change in lung tumor volume is a better marker of patient survival than change of unidimensional diameter measurements in our cohort. If confirmed in larger studies, this suggests that volumetry might improve clinical decision-making for individual patients and allow for faster assessment of new treatments.

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