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Talaromyces borbonicus, sp. nov., a novel fungus from biodegraded Arundo donax with potential abilities in lignocellulose conversion.


A novel fungal species able to synthesize enzymes with potential synergistic actions in lignocellulose conversion was isolated from the biomass of Arundo donax during biodegradation under natural conditions in the Gussone Park of the Royal Palace of Portici (Naples, Italy). In this work, this species was subjected to morphological and phylogenetic analyses. Sequencing of its genome was performed, resulting in 28 scaffolds that were assembled into 27.05 Mb containing 9744 predicted genes, among which 396 belong to carbohydrate-active enzyme (CAZyme)-encoding genes. Here we describe and illustrate this previously unknown species, which was named Talaromyces borbonicus, by a polyphasic approach combining phenotypic, physiological, and sequence data.

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