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Involvement of phosphatidate phosphohydrolase in arachidonic acid mobilization in human amnionic WISH cells.

  • Author(s): Balboa, MA;
  • Balsinde, J;
  • Dennis, EA
  • et al.

Prostaglandins are known to play a central role in the initiation of labor in humans, and amnionic cells constitute a major source of these compounds. Prostaglandin synthesis and release by amnion cells in response to hormones and ligands takes place after a characteristic 4-5 h lag. However, we report herein that free arachidonic acid (AA), the metabolic precursor of prostaglandins, can be induced at much shorter times (1 h) in human amnionic WISH cells by phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) through activation of protein kinase Calpha (PKCalpha). WISH cells were found to possess both cytosolic group IV phospholipase A2 (cPLA2) and Group VI Ca2+-independent phospholipase A2 (iPLA2). Of these, the cPLA2 was found to be the likely mediator of AA mobilization in PMA-activated WISH cells. PMA also activates phospholipase D (PLD) in these cells and ethanol, a compound that inhibits PLD-mediated phosphatidic acid (PA) formation, blocked AA release. Moreover, prevention of PA dephosphorylation by the PA phosphohydrolase inhibitors propranolol and bromoenol lactone, resulted in inhibition of AA release by PMA-treated WISH cells. Collectively, these data suggest that activation of cPLA2 and attendant AA release by phorbol esters in WISH cells requires prior generation of DAG by phosphatidate phosphohydrolase.

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