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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Allosteric activation of the nitric oxide receptor soluble guanylate cyclase mapped by cryo-electron microscopy.

  • Author(s): Horst, Benjamin G
  • Yokom, Adam L
  • Rosenberg, Daniel J
  • Morris, Kyle L
  • Hammel, Michal
  • Hurley, James H
  • Marletta, Michael A
  • et al.

Soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC) is the primary receptor for nitric oxide (NO) in mammalian nitric oxide signaling. We determined structures of full-length Manduca sexta sGC in both inactive and active states using cryo-electron microscopy. NO and the sGC-specific stimulator YC-1 induce a 71° rotation of the heme-binding β H-NOX and PAS domains. Repositioning of the β H-NOX domain leads to a straightening of the coiled-coil domains, which, in turn, use the motion to move the catalytic domains into an active conformation. YC-1 binds directly between the β H-NOX domain and the two CC domains. The structural elongation of the particle observed in cryo-EM was corroborated in solution using small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS). These structures delineate the endpoints of the allosteric transition responsible for the major cyclic GMP-dependent physiological effects of NO.

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