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Characterization of collective ground states in single-layer NbSe 2

  • Author(s): Ugeda, MM
  • Bradley, AJ
  • Zhang, Y
  • Onishi, S
  • Chen, Y
  • Ruan, W
  • Ojeda-Aristizabal, C
  • Ryu, H
  • Edmonds, MT
  • Tsai, HZ
  • Riss, A
  • Mo, SK
  • Lee, D
  • Zettl, A
  • Hussain, Z
  • Shen, ZX
  • Crommie, MF
  • et al.

Published Web Location

https://doi.org/10.1038/nphys3527
Abstract

© 2016 Macmillan Publishers Limited. Layered transition metal dichalcogenides are ideal systems for exploring the effects of dimensionality on correlated electronic phases such as charge density wave (CDW) order and superconductivity. In bulk NbSe 2 a CDW sets in at T CDW = 33 K and superconductivity sets in at T c = 7.2 K. Below T c these electronic states coexist but their microscopic formation mechanisms remain controversial. Here we present an electronic characterization study of a single two-dimensional (2D) layer of NbSe 2 by means of low-temperature scanning tunnelling microscopy/spectroscopy (STM/STS), angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES), and electrical transport measurements. We demonstrate that 3 × 3 CDW order in NbSe 2 remains intact in two dimensions. Superconductivity also still remains in the 2D limit, but its onset temperature is depressed to 1.9 K. Our STS measurements at 5 K reveal a CDW gap of= 4 meV at the Fermi energy, which is accessible by means of STS owing to the removal of bands crossing the Fermi level for a single layer. Our observations are consistent with the simplified (compared to bulk) electronic structure of single-layer NbSe 2, thus providing insight into CDW formation and superconductivity in this model strongly correlated system.

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