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Open Access Publications from the University of California

A bio-facilitated synthetic route for nano-structured complex electrode materials

  • Author(s): Moradi, M
  • Kim, JC
  • Qi, J
  • Xu, K
  • Li, X
  • Ceder, G
  • Belcher, AM
  • et al.

© 2016 The Royal Society of Chemistry. We investigate an energy-efficient synthesis that merges the bio-templated technique and solid-state reactions to produce nano-structured lithiated polyanions. With the aid of bio-templates based on an M13 virus, the thermal budget of an annealing process can be reduced, and the nano-structured characteristics of the precursors are preserved in the product. This method enables us to successfully prepare monoclinic LiMnBO3 with an average particle size of 20 nm in a 1 h annealing process, showing improved electrochemical properties compared with the conventionally synthesized one. Thus, we consider that this bio-facilitated method can open up an environmentally-friendly pathway to produce nano-structured electrode materials with an enhanced performance.

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