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The regulation of TNF receptor mRNA synthesis, membrane expression, and release by PMA- and LPS-stimulated human monocytic THP-1 cells in vitro


The regulation of the 55-kDa TNF receptor (TNF-R) mRNA synthesis, membrane expression, and TNF binding factor (BF) release was examined in resting and activated human monocytic THP-1 and human promyelocytic leukemia HL-60 cells in vitro. Cells were activated with phorbol myristate acetate (PMA) and bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS). TNF alpha cytolytic activity in the supernatant of THP-1 cells stimulated by PMA began to appear at 4 hr, reached a peak at 8 hr, and declined by 12 hr. For THP-1 cells stimulated with LPS, the peak of TNF alpha activity appeared at 4 hr and then declined. TNF alpha-binding sites on the cell membrane were down-regulated within 1 hr after PMA and LPS treatment and then reappeared 12 hr later. Fifty-five-kilodalton TNF-R mRNA expression during this time period did not correlate with the level of membrane TNF-binding site expression. Additional studies indicated the presence of a 30-kDa TNF-BF in the supernatants which appeared after 24 hr. These data suggest that activated THP-1 and HL-60 cells are capable of releasing TNF-BF into the supernatant and this material may be involved in the control of secreted TNF alpha activities.

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