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A novel lipidomic strategy reveals plasma phospholipid signatures associated with respiratory disease severity in cystic fibrosis patients

  • Author(s): Guerrera, IC
  • Astarita, G
  • Jais, JP
  • Sands, D
  • Nowakowska, A
  • Colas, J
  • Sermet-Gaudelus, I
  • Schuerenberg, M
  • Piomelli, D
  • Edelman, A
  • Ollero, M
  • et al.
Abstract

The aim of this study was to search for lipid signatures in blood plasma from cystic fibrosis (CF) patients using a novel MALDI-TOF-ClinProTools™ strategy, initially developed for protein analysis, and thin layer chromatography coupled to MALDI-TOF (TLC-MALDI). Samples from 33 CF patients and 18 healthy children were subjected to organic extraction and column chromatography separation of lipid classes. Extracts were analyzed by MALDI-TOF, ion signatures were compared by the ClinProTools™ software and by parallel statistical analyses. Relevant peaks were identified by LC-MSn. The ensemble of analyses provided 11 and 4 peaks differentially displayed in CF vs healthy and in mild vs severe patients respectively. Ten ions were significantly decreased in all patients, corresponding to 4 lysophosphatidylcholine (18:0, 18:2, 20:3, and 20:5) and 6 phosphatidylcholine (36:5, O-38:0, 38:4, 38:5, 38:6, and P-40:1) species. One sphingolipid, SM(d18:0), was significantly increased in all patients. Four PC forms (36:3, 36:5, 38:5, and 38:6) were consistently downregulated in severe vs mild patients. These observations were confirmed by TLC-MALDI. These results suggest that plasma phospholipid signatures may be able to discriminate mild and severe forms of CF, and show for the first time MALDI-TOF-ClinProTools™ as a suitable methodology for the search of lipid markers in CF. © 2009 Guerrera et al.

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