Skip to main content
eScholarship
Open Access Publications from the University of California

UCLA

UCLA Previously Published Works bannerUCLA

National Sleep Foundation's sleep quality recommendations: first report.

  • Author(s): Ohayon, Maurice
  • Wickwire, Emerson M
  • Hirshkowitz, Max
  • Albert, Steven M
  • Avidan, Alon
  • Daly, Frank J
  • Dauvilliers, Yves
  • Ferri, Raffaele
  • Fung, Constance
  • Gozal, David
  • Hazen, Nancy
  • Krystal, Andrew
  • Lichstein, Kenneth
  • Mallampalli, Monica
  • Plazzi, Giuseppe
  • Rawding, Robert
  • Scheer, Frank A
  • Somers, Virend
  • Vitiello, Michael V
  • et al.
Abstract

Objectives

To provide evidence-based recommendations and guidance to the public regarding indicators of good sleep quality across the life-span.

Methods

The National Sleep Foundation assembled a panel of experts from the sleep community and representatives appointed by stakeholder organizations (Sleep Quality Consensus Panel). A systematic literature review identified 277 studies meeting inclusion criteria. Abstracts and full-text articles were provided to the panelists for review and discussion. A modified Delphi RAND/UCLA Appropriateness Method with 3 rounds of voting was used to determine agreement.

Results

For most of the sleep continuity variables (sleep latency, number of awakenings >5minutes, wake after sleep onset, and sleep efficiency), the panel members agreed that these measures were appropriate indicators of good sleep quality across the life-span. However, overall, there was less or no consensus regarding sleep architecture or nap-related variables as elements of good sleep quality.

Conclusions

There is consensus among experts regarding some indicators of sleep quality among otherwise healthy individuals. Education and public health initiatives regarding good sleep quality will require sustained and collaborative efforts from multiple stakeholders. Future research should explore how sleep architecture and naps relate to sleep quality. Implications and limitations of the consensus recommendations are discussed.

Many UC-authored scholarly publications are freely available on this site because of the UC's open access policies. Let us know how this access is important for you.

Main Content
Current View