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Open Access Publications from the University of California


Submission Policies

Please see "Aim & Scope" and "Submission Guidelines" for more information. The editors reserve the right to determine the suitability of submissions. For additional information, please contact the editors. 

Refract does not have article processing charges or article submission charges. 

Review Process

Refract utilizes a combination of editorial review and blind peer review.  Invited guest contributors and editorial board authored material (introduction, table of contents, letter from the editor) undergo editorial review while each submission undergoes both peer review and editorial review. Please contact the editors for more information.

Plagiarism Policy

The editors of Refract screen for plagiarism as part of the review process using Grammarly plagiarism checker software.


Once published, a journal article cannot generally be revised or removed. We feel it is important to provide perpetual access to materials published whenever possible and appropriate. However, we will remove publications under special circumstances, including in the case of submission errors, rights violations, or inappropriate content. Please be aware, however, that even after the removal of a work, a citation to the work will remain in our system, along with a URL.

If you would like your work removed from eScholarship, please contact the editors.

Revising Work

Once manuscripts are published, we are generally unable to revise them. If a significant error or omission is discovered, contact the editors.

Rights and Permissions

Refract does not require copyright transfer, only permission to publish and archive the article. Copyright holders retain copyright ownership, granting a nonexclusive license to the journal and eScholarship to publish the article, meaning that the author may also publish it elsewhere. Before submitting an article to the journal, please be sure that all necessary permissions have been cleared in any third party material. All articles published in the journal are subject to the journal’s author agreement, which is available in the first step of the submission process or by contacting us to request a copy.

Open Access statement section 

This is an open access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author." All issues of the journal beginning with the first issue are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).

Long-term preservation policy

All materials submitted to eScholarship are automatically deposited in CDL's Merritt Preservation Repository for long-term preservation.