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Open Access Publications from the University of California

About Us

Each file is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. ANTswers was built using general open-source AIML files and new files created by the ANTswers team. The ANTswers team created all of the library and subject files, while the conversation, bot, and ready reference files are heavily edited and organized open-source files. ANTswers was developed using AIML (Artificial Intelligence Mark-up Language). You can find more information about AIML at

ANTswers was developed by Danielle Kane and Chloe Lerit of the UC Irvine Libraries. Programming for ANTswers started in August of 2013 and went live in March of 2014.