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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Open Access Policy Deposits

This series is automatically populated with publications deposited by UC Santa Cruz Department of Mathematics researchers in accordance with the University of California’s open access policies. For more information see Open Access Policy Deposits and the UC Publication Management System.

Cover page of On Picard groups of blocks of finite groups

On Picard groups of blocks of finite groups


We show that the subgroup of the Picard group of a $p$-block of a finite group given by bimodules with endopermutation sources modulo the automorphism group of a source algebra is determined locally in terms of the fusion system on a defect group. We show that the Picard group of a block over the a complete discrete valuation ring ${\mathcal O}$ of characteristic zero with an algebraic closure $k$ of ${\mathbb F}_p$ as residue field is a colimit of finite Picard groups of blocks over $p$-adic subrings of ${\mathcal O}$. We apply the results to blocks with an abelian defect group and Frobenius inertial quotient, and specialise this further to blocks with cyclic or Klein four defect groups.

Cover page of Chains in CR geometry as geodesics of a Kropina metric

Chains in CR geometry as geodesics of a Kropina metric


With the help of a generalization of the Fermat principle in general relativity, we show that chains in CR geometry are geodesics of a certain Kropina metric constructed from the CR structure. We study the projective equivalence of Kropina metrics and show that if the kernel distributions of the corresponding 1-forms are non-integrable then two projectively equivalent metrics are trivially projectively equivalent. As an application, we show that sufficiently many chains determine the CR structure up to conjugacy, generalizing and reproving the main result of [J.-H. Cheng, 1988]. The correspondence between geodesics of the Kropina metric and chains allows us to use the methods of metric geometry and the calculus of variations to study chains. We use these methods to re-prove the result of [H. Jacobowitz, 1985] that locally any two points of a strictly pseudoconvex CR manifolds can be joined by a chain. Finally, we generalize this result to the global setting by showing that any two points of a connected compact strictly pseudoconvex CR manifold which admits a pseudo-Einstein contact form with positive Tanaka-Webster scalar curvature can be joined by a chain.

Cover page of The -(+) and -(+) constructions for biset functors

The -(+) and -(+) constructions for biset functors


In this article we define the $-_+$-construction and the $-^+$-construction, that was crucial in the theory of canonical induction formulas (see \cite{Boltje1998b}), in the setting of biset functors, thus providing the necessary framework to define and construct canonical induction formulas for representation rings that are most naturally viewed as biset functors. Additionally, this provides a unified approach to the study of a class of functors including the Burnside ring, the monomial Burnside ring and global representation ring.

Cover page of On nonnegatively curved hypersurfaces in H<sup>n</sup><sup>+</sup><sup>1</sup>

On nonnegatively curved hypersurfaces in Hn+1


In this paper we prove a conjecture of Alexander and Currier that states, except for covering maps of equidistant surfaces in hyperbolic 3-space, a complete, nonnegatively curved immersed hypersurface in hyperbolic space is necessarily properly embedded.

Cover page of Fibered biset functors

Fibered biset functors


The theory of biset functors, introduced by Serge Bouc, gives a unified treatment of operations in representation theory that are induced by permutation bimodules. In this paper, by considering fibered bisets, we introduce and describe the basic theory of fibered biset functors which is a natural framework for operations induced by monomial bimodules. The main result of this paper is the classification of simple fibered biset functors.

Cover page of Compactness of conformally compact Einstein 4-manifolds II

Compactness of conformally compact Einstein 4-manifolds II


In this paper, we establish compactness results of some class of conformally compact Einstein 4-manifolds. In the first part of the paper, we improve the earlier results obtained by Chang-Ge. In the second part of the paper, as applications, we derive some compactness results under perturbation conditions when the L^2-norm of the Weyl curvature is small. We also derive the global uniqueness of conformally compact Einstein metrics on the 4-Ball constructed in the earlier work of Graham-Lee.

On $n$-superharmonic functions and some geometric applications


In this paper we study asymptotic behavior of $n$-superharmonic functions at isolated singularity using the Wolff potential and $n$-capacity estimates in nonlinear potential theory. Our results are inspired by and extend those of Arsove-Huber and Taliaferro in 2 dimensions. To study $n$-superharmonic functions we use a new notion of $n$-thinness by $n$-capacity motivated by a type of Wiener criterion in Arsove-Huber's paper. To extend Taliaferro's work, we employ the Adams-Moser-Trudinger inequality for the Wolff potential, which is inspired by the one used by Brezis-Merle. For geometric applications, we study the asymptotic end behavior of complete conformally flat manifolds as well as complete properly embedded hypersurfaces in hyperbolic space. In both geometric applications the strong $n$-capacity lower bound estimate of Gehring in 1961 is brilliantly used. These geometric applications seem to elevate the importance of $n$-Laplace equations and make a closer tie to the classic analysis developed in conformal geometry in general dimensions.

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Cover page of Conformal Ricci flow on asymptotically hyperbolic manifolds

Conformal Ricci flow on asymptotically hyperbolic manifolds


In this article we study the short-time existence of conformal Ricci flow on asymptotically hyperbolic manifolds. We also prove a local Shi's type curvature derivative estimate for conformal Ricci flow.