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eScholarship
Open Access Publications from the University of California

About

The Archaeological Research Facility (ARF), founded in 1948 as the University of California Archaeological Survey, is a research unit supporting UC Berkeley archaeologists who are faculty members and researchers from a wide-range of academic departments. The ARF provides equipment for field and laboratory research, laboratory space, and internal funding for archaeological studies.

In 1965 the ARF began to publish data-rich monographs in the Contributions of the Archaeological Research Facility serial and the ARF Special Publications volumes. In addition to the ARF monograph series this eScholarship repository hosts a variety of reports produced from field work and laboratory analysis by UC Berkeley archaeologists and their collaborators. More information about the ARF publishing program is online.

For related papers please see eScholarship repositories managed by Anthropology, Classics, Near Eastern Studies, and the Hearst Museum.

Archaeological Research Facility

There are 810 publications in this collection, published between 1948 and 2023.
Archaeological X-ray Fluorescence Reports (513)

AN ENERGY-DISPERSIVE X-RAY FLUORESCENCE ANALYSIS OF OBSIDIAN ARTIFACTS FROM LA 104416, SOUTHEAST NEW MEXICO

All the artifacts were produced from the Cerro Toledo Rhyolite source from the Jemez Mountains, northern New Mexico, although the obsidian is available as secondary deposits in Rio Grande Quaternary alluvium (Church 2000; Shackley 2012; Table 1 and Figure 1 here).

AN ENERGY-DISPERSIVE X-RAY FLUORESCENCE ANALYSIS OF AN OBSIDIAN CORE FRAGMENT FROM LA44517 SOUTHERN NEW MEXICO

The source provenance of the "lonely" bipolar core fragment is Cerro Toledo Rhyolite, and between the waterwom coftex and typical procurement in that par1 of New Mexico was likely procured lrom Rio Grande Quaternary alluvium where Cerro Toledo Rhyolite obsidian is the most commonlyrecovered secondarily deposited obsidian in the Rio Grande gravels at least as far as Las Cruces (Church 2000; Shackley 2005, 2020

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McCown Archaeobotany Laboratory Reports (78)
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Then Dig (35)
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Contributions of the Archaeological Research Facility (68)
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International Association of Obsidian Studies Bulletin (61)
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Archaeological Research Facility Stahl Reports (44)

Investigating Food Preparation Strategies Within the Pompeian Home in the First Century CE

Between July and September of 2019, I conducted dissertation research supported by a grant from the Stahl Endowment of the Archaeological Research Facility investigating how the inhabitants of 1st-century CE Pompeii (Italy) prepared their daily meals and what factors influenced their choice of cooking techniques. Through an examination of the frequencies of particular types of vessels (bronze and ceramic) and utensils used for food and drink preparation recovered in the course of earlier excavations from a series of properties in Pompeii, my research reconsiders what constituted the standard batterie de cuisine within the Pompeian kitchen and how this could be modified according to the needs and preferences of the one stocking the shelves. I also attempt to reconstruct the various cooking methods employed and preferences exhibited by the cooks who used these cookwares through an analysis of use alterations (e.g. sooting/fire blackening, scratching, denting, etc.) exhibited by these objects. My research in 2019 was principally devoted to documenting such signs of use. The properties selected for my study represent a range of property types – modest and grand houses, commercial food establishments, and suburban villas – allowing us to better appreciate how food preparation strategies differed between households, as well as residential and more commercial properties. These differences can be seen as indicators of the socioeconomic priorities and individual tastes of those who prepared and consumed the meals within these different contexts.

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Special Publications of the Archaeological Research Facility (6)
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Unpublished Papers and Presentations (4)

Estimating Llama Caravan Travel Speeds: Ethno-archaeological fieldwork with a Peruvian salt caravan

This poster describes a study that used ethnographic field data to derive an asymmetrical Cauchy (Gaussian) equation that describes the movement of a llama caravan along an ancient trail system as a function of topographic slope. This model is further refined by using ranked observations of changes in trail quality,the negotation of obstacles such as stream-crossings, and the type and duration of rest periods during the daily travel. The resulting cost-distance function was then applied to the actual caravan route in order to evaluate the realism of the model.

Download PDF for zoomable, legible version.

Related publication: Tripcevich, N., 2016. The Ethnoarchaeology of a Cotahuasi Salt Caravan: Exploring Andean pastoralist movement. In The Archaeology of Andean Pastoralism, edited by J. M. Capriles and N. Tripcevich, pp. 211-229. University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque  https://escholarship.org/uc/item/7vr6580k

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Reports of the University of California Archaeological Survey (1)

The California Archaeological Survey; Establishment, Aims, and Methods

The chief aim of the California Archaeological Survey is to study and make known to the general and scientific public the prehistory of the State of California. Research is envisaged as the Survey's chief activity, with the State as its field of operation. No area or areas are to be Selected for intensive investigation and no region of the State is to be ignored. Where local institutions have archaeological programs in operation the Survey will stand by to lend a hand if invited and will attempt to carry out its investigations in near-by areas with the full knowledge and cooperation of those local groups primarily concerned with special or local problems.