Facile supermolecular aptamer inhibitors of L-selectin.
- Author(s): Chang, Elizabeth K
- Eckert, Mark A
- Ali, M Monsur
- Riazifar, Hamidreza
- Pone, Egest J
- Liu, Linan
- Zhao, Weian
- et al.
Published Web Locationhttps://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0123034
Multivalent interactions occur frequently in nature, where they mediate high-affinity interactions between cells, proteins, or molecules. Here, we report on a method to generate multivalent aptamers (Multi-Aptamers) that target L-selectin function using rolling circle amplification (RCA). We find that the L-selectin Multi-Aptamers have increased affinity compared to the monovalent aptamer, are specific to L-selectin, and are capable of inhibiting interactions with endogenous ligands. In addition, the Multi-Aptamers efficiently inhibit L-selectin mediated dynamic adhesion in vitro and homing to secondary lymphoid tissues in vivo. Importantly, our method of generating multivalent materials using RCA avoids many of the challenges associated with current multivalent materials in that the Multi-Aptamers are high affinity, easily produced and modified, and biocompatible. We anticipate that the Multi-Aptamers can serve as a platform technology to modulate diverse cellular processes.