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H-Atom Assignment and Sb-O Bonding of [Mes3SbOH][O3SPh] Confirmed by Neutron Diffraction, Multipole Modeling, and Hirshfeld Atom Refinement.


Neutron wavelength-resolved Laue diffraction experiments permit accurate refinement of the H-atom positions and anisotropic displacement parameters of [Mes3SbOH][O3SPh]. A multipole-based charge density refinement and a topological analysis of the refined electron density were also performed. Hirshfeld atom refinement (HAR) recovers the neutron-determined H-atom parameters, and the quantum-mechanical electron density used in HAR recovers the electron density topology from the refined multipole model. These results confirm that [Mes3SbOH][O3SPh] does indeed feature a hydroxystibonium cation with a nominal Sb-O single bond and not a stibine oxide with an Sb=O/Sb+-O- bond.

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