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Frequency- and Time-Domain Green's Functions for a Phased Semi-Infinite Periodic Line Array of Dipoles

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In this paper, we extend a previous prototype study [1] of frequency-domain (FD) and time-domain (TD) Green's functions for an infinite periodic phased line array of dipoles to account for the effects of truncation, as modeled by a semi-infinite array. These canonical problems are to be used eventually for the systematic analysis and synthesis of actual rectangular TD plane phased arrays. In the presentation, we rely on the analytic results and phenomenologies pertaining to the infinite array, which are reviewed. Major emphasis is then placed on the modifications introduced by the truncation. Finite Poisson summation is used to convert the individual dipole radiations into collective truncated wavefields, the FD and TD Floquet waves (FW). In the TD, exact closed-form solutions are obtained, and are examined asymptotically to extract FD and TD periodicity-matched conical truncated FW fields (both propagating and nonpropagating), corresponding tip-diffracted periodicity-matched spherical waves, and uniform transition functions connecting both across the FD and TD-FW truncation boundaries. These new effects can again be incorporated in a FW-modulated geometrical theory of diffraction. A numerical example of radiation from a finite phased TD dipole array with band-limited excitation demonstrates the accuracy and efficiency of the FW-(diffracted field) asymptotic algorithm when compared with an element-by-element summation reference solution.

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