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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Multi-Institutional Outcomes of Minimally Invasive Harvest of Rectal Mucosa Graft for Anterior Urethral Reconstruction.

  • Author(s): Granieri, Michael A
  • Zhao, Lee C
  • Breyer, Benjamin N
  • Voelzke, Bryan B
  • Baradaran, Nima
  • Grucela, Alexis L
  • Marcello, Peter
  • Vanni, Alex J
  • et al.

PURPOSE:We report multi-institutional outcomes in patients who underwent urethroplasty with a rectal mucosa graft. MATERIALS AND METHODS:We used the TURNS (Trauma and Urologic Reconstructive Network of Surgeons) database to identify patients who underwent urethral reconstruction with transanal harvest of a rectal mucosa graft. We reviewed preoperative demographics, stricture etiology, previous management and patient outcomes. RESULTS:We identified 13 patients from April 2013 to June 2017. Median age at surgery was 54 years. The stricture etiology was lichen sclerosus in 6 of 13 patients (46%), idiopathic in 2 (15%), hypospadias in 1 (7%), prior gender confirming surgery in 3 (23%) and rectourethral fistula after radiation for prostate cancer in 1 (7%). Prior procedures included failed urethroplasty with a buccal mucosa graft in 9 of 13 patients (69%), direct vision internal urethrotomy in 2 (15%) and none in 2 (15%). Median stricture length was 13 cm. Stricture location in the 9 cisgender patients was panurethral in 5 (56%), bulbopendulous in 2 (22%) and bulbar in 2 (22%). It was located at the junction of the fixed urethra extending into the neophallus in all 3 patients (100%) who underwent prior gender confirming surgery. Mean rectal mucosa graft length for urethroplasty was 10.6 cm (range 3 to 16). Repair types included dorsal or ventral onlay, or 2-stage repair. Stricture recurred at a median followup of 13.5 months in 2 of 13 patients (15%). Postoperative complications included glans dehiscence, urethrocutaneous fistula and compartment syndrome in 1 patient each (7%). No rectal or bowel related complications were reported. CONCLUSIONS:Urethral reconstruction with a transanal harvested rectal mucosa graft is a safe technique when a buccal mucosa graft is unavailable or not indicated.

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