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Association of chronic kidney disease and end-stage renal disease with procedural complications and in-hospital outcomes from left atrial appendage occlusion device implantation in patients with atrial fibrillation: Insights from the national inpatient sample of 36,065 procedures.

Abstract

Background: Left atrial appendage occlusion (LAAO) has emerged as an alternative strategy to oral anticoagulation for mitigating ischemic stroke risk in selected patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), but safety data in patients with significant kidney disease are limited. Objective: To determine the association of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) with procedural complications and in-hospital outcomes after LAAO in AF patients. Methods: Data were extracted from National Inpatient Sample for calendar years 2015-2018. Watchman implantations were identified on the basis of International Classification of Diseases, 9th and 10th Revision, Clinical Modification codes of 37.90 and 02L73DK. The outcomes assessed in our study included complications, inpatient mortality, and resource utilization with LAAO. Results: A total of 36,065 Watchman recipients were included in the final analysis. CKD (9.8%, n = 3545) and ESRD (3%, n = 1155) were associated with a higher prevalence of major complications and mortality in crude analysis compared to no CKD. After multivariate adjustment for potential confounders, CKD was associated with length of stay (LOS) >1 day (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 1.355; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.234-1.488), median cost >$24,663 (aOR 1.267; 95% CI 1.176-1.365), and acute kidney injury (aOR 4.134; 95% CI 3.536-4.833), while ESRD was associated with in-patient mortality (aOR 7.156; 95% CI 3.294-15.544). Conclusion: The prevalence of CKD and ESRD was approximately 13% in AF patients undergoing Watchman LAAO implantations. CKD was independently associated with prolonged LOS, higher hospitalization costs, and acute kidney injury, while ESRD was independently associated with in-patient mortality.

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