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From Intermittent to Continuous Water Supply A Household-level Evaluation of Water System Reforms in Hubli–Dharwad

  • Author(s): Ray, I
  • Billava, N
  • Burt, Z
  • Colford, JM
  • Ercümen, A
  • Jayaramu, KP
  • Kumpel, E
  • Nayak, N
  • Nelson, K
  • Woelfle-Erskine, C
  • et al.

© 2018 Economic and Political Weekly. All rights reserved. Employingamatchedcohortresearchdesign,eight wardswithintermittentwatersupply arecomparedto eightwardsupgradedtocontinuous(24x7)supplyina demonstrationprojectinHubli–Dharwad,Karnataka, withrespecttotapwaterquality,childhealth, waterstoragepractices,andcopingcostsacross socio-economicstrata.Waterconsumptionandwastein theintermittentzones,andthepotentialforscale-upof continuoussupplytotheentirecity,areestimated.Itwas foundthatthe24x7projectimprovedwaterquality,did notimproveoverallchildhealth,butdidreduceserious waterborneillnessesinthelowest-incomestrata, reducedthecostsofwaiting,increasedmonthlywater bills,andpotentiallyreducedwatersecurityforsomeof thepooresthouseholds.

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