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Ultrasonography of the thyroid, parathyroids, and beyond



Ultrasonography has become an essential tool for the evaluation and management of thyroid and parathyroid diseases. Its applications extend beyond neck endocrine conditions to a multitude of pathologies within the head and neck region.


Our study aimed to: (1) provide a broad review of neck ultrasonography and key findings in neck endocrine diseases; (2) support skilled performance office-based diagnostic ultrasonography and its varied applications.

Materials and methods

A review of the current literature was supplemented with clinical examples of key ultrasonographic findings.


Current applications and key findings of ultrasonography in the diagnosis and management of neck endocrine conditions are reviewed.


Ultrasonography is a fundamental component in the evaluation and management of neck endocrine diseases. The reader is encouraged to use this review to enhance office-based performance and application of ultrasonography.

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