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Prognostic Factors in Patients Hospitalized for Heart Failure


Each year, there are over one million hospitalizations for heart failure in the United States, with a similar number in Western Europe. Although these patients respond to initial therapies, they have very high short and intermediate term (2-6 months) mortality and readmission rates, while the healthcare system incurs substantial costs. Several risk prediction models that can accurately identify high-risk patients have been developed using data from clinical trials, large registries or administrative databases. Use of multi-variable risk models at the time of hospital admission or discharge offers better risk stratification and should be encouraged, as it allows for appropriate allocation of existing resources and development of clinical trials testing new treatment strategies for patients admitted with heart failure.

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