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An Out-of-Order Load-Store Queue for Spatial Computing

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The efficiency of spatial computing depends on the ability to achieve maximal parallelism. This necessitates memory interfaces that can correctly handle memory accesses that arrive in arbitrary order while still respecting data dependencies and ensuring appropriate ordering for semantic correctness. However, a typical memory interface for out-of-order processors (i.e., a load-store queue) cannot immediately meet these requirements: a different allocation policy is needed to achieve out-of-order execution in spatial systems that naturally omit the notion of sequential program order, a fundamental piece of information for correct execution. We show a novel and practical way to organize the allocation for an out-of-order load-store queue for spatial computing. The main idea is to dynamically allocate groups of memory accesses (depending on the dynamic behavior of the application), where the access order within the group is statically predetermined (for instance by a high-level synthesis tool). We detail the construction of our load-store queue and demonstrate on a few practical cases its advantages over standard accelerator-memory interfaces.

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