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Massive Mimo Channel Estimation with 1-Bit Spatial Sigma-delta ADCS

Abstract

We consider channel estimation for an uplink massive multiple input multiple output (MIMO) system where the base station (BS) uses a first-order spatial Sigma-Delta (Σ) analogto-digital converter (ADC) array. The Σ array consists of closely spaced sensors which oversample the received signal and provide a coarsely quantized (1-bit) output. We develop a linear minimum mean squared error (LMMSE) estimator based on the Bussgang decomposition that reformulates the nonlinear quantizer model using an equivalent linear model plus quantization noise. The performance of the proposed Σ LMMSE estimator is compared via simulation to channel estimation using standard 1-bit quantization and also infinite resolution ADCs.

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